Makuzi ya Mtoto | Sehemu ya I

Ili kuelewa zaidi makuzi ya mtoto kiakili, Mwalimu yampasa kufahamu vizuri jinsi mwili wa mtoto unavyokua na kukomaa.

Kuna uhusiano mkubwa kati ya kukua kwa akili na kukua kimwili kwa mtoto. Mwalimu shuleni hushughulikia zaidi kukua kwa akili ya mtoto.


Vipengele vya Kukua kwa Mtoto

Kama mwalimu ni vyema zaidi kuelewa jinsi kukua kimwili kwa mtoto kunavyohusiana na kukua kiakili.

1. Kukua Kimwili

Ni ongezeko la ukubwa wa umbo la mwili na viungo vyake. Baadhi ya sehemu za mwili hufifia na kupote mfano nywele za utotoni na kitovu. Vitu vingine pia hujitokeza katika mwili kwa mfano ndevu kwa wanaume na matiti kwa watoto kwa kike.

Ukubwa wa ubongo huongezeka, mifupa  na kukomaa kwa misulu na neva za mwili.

2. Kukua Kiakili

Ukuaji wa akili wa mtoto huongezeka na kumuwezesha kuweza kukabiliana zaidi na mazingira anamoishi hatua kwa hatua. Uwezo huo hutegemea upevukaji na utayari wa viungo vya mwili kama vile kukomaa kwa ubongo, neva na misuli ya mwili.

3. Kukua Kimaono

Hii ni hali ya kuongezeka uwezo na hisia za mwili. Ni kujitambua kwa mtoto, kama vile kupenda, kuchukia, kuona wivu, ubinafsi, kukasirika, kukasirika na mengine. Matendo haya hukomaa zaidi kadri mtoto anavyokua kimwili na kiakili pia.

4. Kukua Kijamii

Aidha hii ni hali ya mtoto kuongezeka uwezo wa kutenda yale yanayotakiwa na jamii inayomzunguka. Kukua Kijamii ni;

  • kukua kimaadili,
  • kuongezeka uwezo wa kuishi kufuatana na utamaduni, mila na desturi za jamii inayohusika,
  • mtoto kutambua ni lipi linakubalika na jamii na lipi lisilohusika.


Author: Sir Gunda

A Friend of Education

17 thoughts on “Makuzi ya Mtoto | Sehemu ya I

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